Jill Broadfoot has served as our Chief Financial Officer since July 2018. Prior to joining aTyr, from January 2017 to July 2018, Ms. Broadfoot served as Chief Financial Officer of Emerald Health Pharmaceuticals Inc. and Emerald Health Bioceuticals Inc. where she was responsible for establishing operations for the U.S.-based pharmaceutical and bioceuticals entities as well as the establishment of operations, corporate governance, finance and accounting and investor relations functions, among others. Prior to Emerald Health, Ms. Broadfoot served as Vice President, U.S. Corporate Controller at GW Pharmaceuticals, from May 2016 to January 2017. While at GW Pharmaceuticals, her responsibilities included establishing U.S. commercial operations and implementing U.S. public company financial and accounting standards in connection with the transfer of corporate operations from the U.K. to the U.S. Prior to joining GW Pharmaceuticals, Ms. Broadfoot served as Chief Financial Officer of Vical Inc., from October 2004 to March 2013, where she had oversight of finance, investor relations, manufacturing, information technology, human resources, and business development. Before joining Vical, Ms. Broadfoot held various positions at DJO Global, Inc., most recently as Vice President of Finance. Ms. Broadfoot also served as an audit manager at Ernst & Young LLP. Ms. Broadfoot holds a B.S. in business administration and accounting from San Diego State University and is a Certified Public Accountant.
Andrea Cubitt, Ph.D. has served as our Vice President, External Scientific Alliances and Intellectual Property since February 2018 and served as our Vice President, Product Protection from September 2011 to February 2018. Dr. Cubitt worked as a consultant for us from January 2011 to September 2011. Prior to that, from 2009 to 2011, she worked as a senior patent agent for the Global Patent Group LLC, a patent consulting firm. She co-founded Anaptys Biosciences, a therapeutic antibody company, in 2005 and served as Executive Director of Corporate Development until 2009. She also served as Senior Manager, Technology and Intellectual Property at Aurora Bioscience Corporation, a biotechnology company. Dr. Cubitt did her postdoctoral training at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York, and at the University of California San Diego, where she was part of team that initiated development of the green fluorescent protein (“GFP”) with Roger Tsien, Ph.D. Dr. Cubitt holds a Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Sheffield and a first class honors degree (B.Sc) in medical biochemistry from the University of Birmingham in the UK. Dr. Cubitt is a co-inventor or co-author of 18 issued US patents and 20 publications.
Nancy E. Denyes has served as our General Counsel since February 2019 and as our Corporate Secretary since January 2015. Ms. Denyes served as our Vice President, Legal Affairs from October 2014 to February 2019. And provided consulting services to us from 2013 to 2014. Ms. Denyes practiced law in the corporate department at Cooley LLP and was named partner in 2000. Her practice at Cooley was focused on securities and corporate matters, including private financings, public offerings, mergers and acquisitions and corporate governance and disclosure issues. Ms. Denyes holds a J.D. from University of California, Berkeley School of Law and B.A. in Economics and Business from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Holly Chrzanowski Winter has served as our Vice President, Human Resources since February 2018 and served as our Vice President, Enterprise Talent and Organization from April 2013 to February 2018. Ms. Winter provided consulting services to us from 2010 to 2013. Prior to joining aTyr, she operated her own human resources consulting practice, HC Consulting, for 12 years, providing human resources consulting services to a wide variety of biotechnology companies located nationwide. She also served as a Director, Human Resources at Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated as a consultant and Senior Manager, Human Resources at Aurora Biosciences Corporation. Prior to this, Ms. Chrzanowski Winter held a variety of management level positions in human resources at Geometric Results Incorporated, a multinational subsidiary of Ford Motor Company (acquired by MSX International). Ms. Chrzanowski Winter attended the University of Salzburg, Austria where she studied German language. She holds a B.A. in political science from California State University at Long Beach.
Sanjay S. Shukla, M.D., M.S. has served as our President and Chief Executive Officer and as a member of our Board of Directors since November 2017. Dr. Shukla served as our Chief Medical Officer from March 2016 to November 2017. From April 2015 to March 2016, Dr. Shukla worked in an advisory capacity for a number of companies, including as a consultant to the Company from January 2016 to March 2016. Prior to that, from October 2012 to April 2015, Dr. Shukla served as Vice President and Global Head of Integrated Medical Services for Novartis, a biopharmaceutical company, where he led global medical affairs operations, with oversight for all pharmaceutical general medicine therapies, both inline and in development. Dr. Shukla served as Chief Executive Officer of RXMD, a clinical development consultancy that assisted in advancing proof of concept for early-stage drug candidates, from April 2009 to September 2012. Prior to that, Dr. Shukla served in a variety of clinical development, data analytics and drug safety roles at Vifor Pharma, a biopharmaceutical company, and Aspreva Pharmaceuticals (acquired by Vifor Pharma). Dr. Shukla received his M.D. from Howard University College of Medicine and his Bachelor of Science degree in microbiology and Master of Science degree in epidemiology and biostatistics from the University of Maryland.